I am Associate Professor in Geomorphology at the University of Milano, Italy. My interests are in geomorphology and geoarchaeology of circum-Mediterranean regions and arid lands of Africa and Asia. I am investigating the interrelationship of past climatic and environmental changes and cultural responses of archaeological communities including their adaptation and exploitation of natural resources. My approach starts with a detailed palaeoenvironmental reconstruction on the basis of geomorphological and palaeohydrological indicators (lake sediments, calcareous tufa, fluvial sequences). I am also focusing on the climate-environment-human nexus over the Late Quaternary, investigating its complexity and nonlinearity. I worked in a variety of contexts spanning from the Palaeolithic to modern ethnographic case studies, distributed in Italy, Sahara, Sahel of Sudan, Horn of Africa, Levant, Mesopotamia, and Arabian Peninsula. I am also interested in loess, palaeopedology, and rock weathering. I am investigating the genesis and chronology of loess/paleosols pedosequences in Northern Italy and North Africa. I apply palaeopedological and geochronological tools to palaeoseismological reconstruction at several localities of Northern Italy. I am investigating Quaternary climatic changes occurred in the Saharan and Antarctica studying the formation of rock varnish.